Viewing posts tagged philosophy
4 years, 11 months ago
"Being without becoming [is] an ontological absurdity" says the Doctor in 'The Time Monster'.
He's talking about time, about the fact that time is - by definition - a process of change. Time is what entropy looks like to those of us in the midst of it. Entropy increases, thus time's arrow goes forward. 'Becoming' is just a way of saying 'change'. Everything is always in the process of becoming something else. Every apple is in the process of becoming a rotten apple, or an eaten apple, or seeds resown. 'Ontology' is the fancy name used by philosophers to mean the study of what it means for things to exist, to be real. The Doctor is saying: "the idea of things being frozen in time is inherently absurd because things that don't change effectively don't exist".
Though, of course, in 'The Time Monster', things and people do
get frozen in time. The story shows us something happening which has already been established as impossible. It's almost as if we are being explicitly invited to read the story metaphorically.
This is something that doesn't quite happen in 'The ...
7 years, 5 months ago
Kant's categorical imperative is an expression of the bourgeois liberal ideas of the 18th century, expressed as morality. It is progressive in the sense that it attempts to derive morality from Reason. It is part of the Enlightenment. It also expresses the new, universal promises of the bourgeois revolutions in that it universalises (i.e. "All men are created equal"). It is based on the principle of universality. What you do must apply to all people or it fails to be truly moral.
However, it is also based on a bourgeois notion of rights. The concept of 'rights' is a product of the rise of bourgeois property/trade relations. One brings one's rights to the market place and, on that basis, one participates in the putatively level playing field. For Kant, one negotiates the conflicts between these rights on the basis of contractual clauses. If the Party of the First Part undertakes to do such and such, the Party of the Second part will be understood to be obliged to do so and so. It is this which finally inverts the universality of the notion into an ...