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Elizabeth Sandifer

Elizabeth Sandifer created Eruditorum Press. She’s not really sure why she did that, and she apologizes for the inconvenience. She currently writes Last War in Albion, a history of the magical war between Alan Moore and Grant Morrison. She used to write TARDIS Eruditorum, a history of Britain told through the lens of a ropey sci-fi series. She also wrote Neoreaction a Basilisk, writes comics these days, and has ADHD so will probably just randomly write some other shit sooner or later. Support Elizabeth on Patreon.


  1. SK
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:24 am

    You seem to have completely confused rationalism with its opposite, empiricism. You should take greater care.


  2. Daibhid C
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:44 am

    Wasn't the pilot of K9 brodcast a couple of days after The Wedding of Sarah Jane Smith? Are we not doing that, then?


  3. Anton B
    February 26, 2014 @ 1:13 am

    I haven't actually seen this one so I'm totally unqualified to comment but based purely on your description it occurs to me that, rather than a rationalism versus superstition debate, this episode is aiming rather lower. Surely it's just a standard Scooby Doo plot that's got itself too hung up on the 'old janitor's' motivation and forgot to be on the side of 'those meddling kids'. The original Scooby gang always believed totally in the irrational manifestation until the mundane reveal. Doctor Who despite its alchemical core usually assumes a scientific basis until the 'real' often occult motivation is uncovered which is then retconned within its own narrative and resolved with some timey wimey gobbledygook. It's a difficult task that not all writers can pull off.


  4. Alan
    February 26, 2014 @ 6:17 am

    The original Scooby gang always believed totally in the irrational manifestation until the mundane reveal.

    Well, Shaggy and Scooby did (probably due to their chemical addiction to mind-altering Scooby snacks. In the original series, Velma, Fred and (to a lesser extent) Daphne always sought a rational explanation for what was happening with the goal of trapping "the monster" and finding out who it really was. I remember as a kid being deeply disappointed when the series was retooled to allow for storylines with actual paranormal bad guys. The addition of Scrappy Doo didn't help.


  5. Alan
    February 26, 2014 @ 6:21 am

    The magic/science conflict has always been an issue for DW, especially in NuWho where, let's be honest, the sonic screwdriver is blatantly treated as a magic wand. Not to mention we have stories like "The Shakespeare Code" with alien witches whose "science and technology" consist primarily of spoken incantations and "Hide" which says that haunted houses are the result of aliens and time travelers faffing about while casually affirming that psychic abilities are real.


  6. John
    February 26, 2014 @ 8:36 am

    I don't see how use of the screwdriver is worse than old Who, where the Third Doctor could solve any problem by reversing the polarity. And I remember Planet of the Spiders casually affirming that psychic abilities are real, too.


  7. Josh Marsfelder
    February 26, 2014 @ 8:48 am

    Having written extensively on Scooby-Doo, I'll just say I think Anton B. is largely correct, if necessarily simplifying the premise for the topic at hand.


  8. Josh Marsfelder
    February 26, 2014 @ 8:51 am

    Thanks for this, Phil. I always enjoy seeing people point out that science fiction is not actually the domain of the arch-rationalist crowd, no matter how fervently a certain subset of my franchise's fandom might cling to that notion.

    It's an argument I'm going to have to look it in more detail myself in, oh, between three to eight years I'd say.


  9. David Anderson
    February 26, 2014 @ 9:43 am

    Shaggy and Scooby had some supernatural abilities of their own – for example, the ability to conjure costumes from thin air and change into them in the half second between running into a room and the villain following them in.


  10. Matthew Blanchette
    February 26, 2014 @ 9:46 am

    Just wanted to slip in here and politely request that Phil revive the TARDIS Eruditorum video review thing when we get to "The Eleventh Hour", just to do a similar comparison between the aesthetic styles of that episode and the RTD era that Phil did in his "Leisure Hive" and "Time and the Rani" articles.

    Would be interesting. 🙂


  11. Anton B
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:09 am

    Josh, it was indeed your excellent ruminations on Scooby Doo which I enjoyed reading immensely some time ago that inspired my comment.
    Perhaps you can clarify the comparison I was trying to make between that show and Doctor Who plus its spin-offs. Which was this –
    The Scoobyverse is one where the accepted as at least possible until disproved whereas the Whoniverse actively dismisses the paranormal because science while constantly having its rationalist preconceptions upturned by wibbly wobbly potions.


  12. Iain Coleman
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:11 am

    Hang on, Star Trek fans think science fiction is arch-rationalist?

    Star Trek fans?

    Oh my giddy aunt.


  13. Josh Marsfelder
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:32 am

    Some of them do. It's the same group of modern (male) Nerd Culture people who throw a fit about Doctor Who not having a consistent model of time travel, who get really tetchy about the differences between "science fiction" and "fantasy" or who think Star Trek's fundamental value is teleological technoscientific futurism. And who write Star Trek: Year Four stories about the Large Hadron Collider.

    Puzzlingly they don't seem to have a problem with Star Wars.


  14. encyclops
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:37 am

    "Hide" which says that haunted houses are the result of aliens and time travelers faffing about while casually affirming that psychic abilities are real

    I don't remember a generalization — just that THAT haunted house was the result of aliens and time travelers faffing about. Then again, so was Gabriel Chase.


  15. encyclops
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:40 am



  16. Josh Marsfelder
    February 26, 2014 @ 10:41 am

    I think that's largely accurate. I personally tend to be more open to the reading that the supernatural actually textually exists in the world of Scooby-Doo (and thus the criminals are literally "fake ghosts" whose crime is using fear and intimidation for selfish ends) then most, but I know that's a minority opinion even more controversial then my shipping of Shaggy and Daphne.

    Doctor Who I see as having its overall take on this, just like its overall take on anything, changing depending on who's writing at the moment. But as a general rule, we do seem to get the famous plot archetype of "something that looks paranormal is going on, but really it's aliens" that dates to at least the Hinchcliffe era happening quite frequently. Though now I'm treading on territory of people a bit more qualified than me.

    Regardless, I don't think either show is really for the Arch-Rationalist crowd.


  17. John
    February 26, 2014 @ 11:58 am

    I have to admit that when you start going on about "alchemy" and "material social progress", I generally have absolutely no idea what you're talking about.


  18. Daibhid C
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:14 pm

    Coincidentally, one of my Twitter friends tweeted a link to a Tumblr post yesterday saying the real power of Scooby-Doo (it's equivalent to "material social progress", if you like) is that the monsters aren't monsters. The monsters are lies by grown-ups who want to convince you to do something. Other adults might believe these lies. And the way you fight the lies is by thinking about things and coming to your own conclusions.


  19. Josh Marsfelder
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:35 pm

    Might that be the analysis Chris Sims did awhile back? Because he and I have similar takes on the show. We have parallel readings we arrived at independently of each other, but that (I at least feel) are compatible.


  20. Galadriel
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:43 pm

    IRC, This episode and Nightmare Man terrified me on first watch (as a college student) just because he kept appearing from nowhere when you weren't expecting it. Never mind explanations and logic, someone jumping out at you and going BOO! is still frighting, if not outright terrifying.


  21. ferret
    February 26, 2014 @ 12:44 pm



  22. SK
    February 26, 2014 @ 1:31 pm

    'Material social progress' means 'rising living standards', apparently. So basically Doctor Who reckons the secret to the universe is capitalism.


  23. Triturus
    February 26, 2014 @ 1:47 pm

    So basically Doctor Who reckons the secret to the universe is capitalism.

    Eesh. I hope no-one's told Jack Graham…


  24. David Anderson
    February 26, 2014 @ 2:12 pm

    The majority of people in the West have had no rise in incomes for the past thirty odd years. Up to a certain point capitalism raises living standards. And then it seems to stop for all but a small minority at the top of the heap.

    One might also wonder whether rising incomes are really a good measure of living standards. (This would take an essay to address.)

    But actually I don't think Phil does mean rising living standards. I think he means something like the wider distribution of the power for each person to determine their own life and desires. That is, if I have lots of money but somebody else can constrain what I spend it on or what I do with it, that doesn't count as material social progress.


  25. Theonlyspiral
    February 26, 2014 @ 3:16 pm

    Material Social Progress means that peoples lives are improving demonstrably. It doesn't mean capitalism. It involves things like education, social equality and (yes) living standards. Capitalism can be a means of MSP however it is by no means an endpoint or synonym. Capitalism is a system of gross inequity and causes a growing gap living standards internationally.


  26. BerserkRL
    February 26, 2014 @ 8:06 pm

    Totally baked.


  27. Iain Coleman
    February 27, 2014 @ 3:29 am

    Well obviously Star Wars is real.


  28. Daibhid C
    February 27, 2014 @ 6:38 am

    Having just googled, yes, it is. Just paras 10 and 11, but definitely from that article. I note that Sims, like me and Alan, thinks the supernatural shouldn't exist in Scooby-Doo, and makes much of Velma as the rationalist who looks for the logical explanation.

    (I wonder what Sims made of subsequent episodes of Mystery Incorporated. You know, the ones where the whole town was built around a :Lovecraftian horror that was guarded by Conquistador ghosts.)


  29. Daibhid C
    February 27, 2014 @ 6:39 am



  30. BerserkRL
    February 27, 2014 @ 7:06 am

    The following image seems relevant to this discussion:


  31. John
    February 27, 2014 @ 7:47 am

    Right, I can generally figure out what "material social progress" means in the context of the real world, just as I know what "alchemy" generally means. What I don't understand is what "material social progress" means in the context of Doctor Who, or what "alchemy" means outside the context of explicit alchemical references. Nor do I understand how these relate to one another.


  32. Galadriel
    February 27, 2014 @ 5:44 pm

    Its suggestion that children who tell their parents about things they don’t understand deserve to be dismissed as silly –well, yes, that was Toby's experience, but surely the entirely show and the very nature of Sarah Jane is to present the opposite view–that some adults will understand.


  33. Chicanery
    February 27, 2014 @ 11:41 pm

    Totally Bak- oh, that's been done.


  34. Alan
    February 28, 2014 @ 7:07 am

    "Reverse the polarity" was generic technobabble admittedly drafted for an actor who refused to learn lots of technobabble that might have made better sense. The implication was still that there was technology involved, albeit over our heads, and doing this "reverse the polarity' thingy would cause that technology to work differently than it had been. Compare that to, say, The Big Bang, where Eleven just jams the screwdriver into the back of a two-foot-wide satellite dish to improve reception and, voila, he can hear River talking from untold millions of miles away.


  35. Triturus
    February 28, 2014 @ 3:00 pm

    In Doctor Who terms there's no material difference between the comparison you've suggested. Techobabble is just fake science designed to allow the show to tell the stories it wants to. So is the sonic screwdriver.

    Personally, I don't care if the Tardis equivalent of dilithium crystals is plausible SF technology. In a lot of Doctor Who, technobabble is only there to justify the magical elements of the show to the parts of the audience that prefer sciencey explanations.

    The only difference between the old show and the new show is that the new show replaces 'reverse the polarity' dialogue with 'point the sonic screwdriver' action, but the end result is the same.

    I've been watching Image of the Fendahl tonight, which contains zero 'proper' science but lots of wonderfully daft occultiness dressed up as technobabble. The Smith / Moffat era fits well into that kind of tradition.


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